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SCIENCE AND EDUCATION
Polish Universities are a good choice!
For over six centuries students have studied in Poland. They have come from every European country – and after subsequent geographical discoveries and transformations of civilizations – from every corner of the world.
The Academy of Kraków, the first Polish university was founded through the efforts of the Polish King Kazimir III the Great in 1364. The University was founded on the model of the Academy of Bologna and Padua and became the second – after the University of Prague – institution of higher education in Central Europe. In 1400, King Wladislaw Jagiello II refurbished the Academy, from then on to be called the Jagiellonian University, using the funds of his wife Queen Jadwiga, who had died a year earlier leaving the University all her jewels and royal insignia (she also ordered to be buried in a wooden coffin, rather than one made of gold).
The former headquarters of Jagiellonian University – Collegium Maius – is one of the few remaining jewels of medieval architecture of the University. Its history dates back to 1400, when the Polish king Wladyslaw II Jagiello presented the University with the building. Traces of the building have been preserved to this day in the foundations and cornerstone of the Collegium Maius (from the side of Jagiellonska Street and the courtyard). Since the beginning of its existence, Jagiellonian University enjoyed worldwide publicity. Most likely due to the teaching of occult sciences such as astrology and alchemy in addition to natural sciences, mathematics, philosophy, medicine, law, astronomy, and theology.
Until the outbreak of World War II, the reputation of Polish science helped produce other venerable institutions: the University of Vilnius (1579) founded by King Stefan Batory, the Universirty of Lviv (1661) created through the efforts of Jan Kazimierz II, Warsaw University (1816), the secret Flying University (1882), the Catholic University of Lublin (1918), the University of Poznan (1919), and technical academies, such as the Academy of Mining and Metallurgy in Krakow (1919), now known as the AGH University of Science and Technology, and many other universities and technical colleges. After World War II, old institutions were reopened and new institutions were created, including the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun and the (former German) University of Wroclaw, bringing together faculty member from the defunct universities in Lvov and Vilnius.
Polish universities offer a high level of education and are being increasingly attractive to foreigners, especially due to the conclusion of direct agreements between foreign universities as well as international agreements between governments regarding the recognition of diplomas. Partnership initiatives have garnered great popularity, such as those between the University of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznan and the Viadrina European University in Frankfurt on the Oder, or the cooperation between the campuses of the College of Europe between Bruges, Belgium and Natolin, Poland (near Warsaw).
Higher education in Poland is developing dynamically. In the last decade more than 200 new universities were founded, and the number of students increased from 350,000 to over 1.5 million. Private universities formed since 1991 responded to the demand in the education market. Public schools were thus forced to compete. These factors have improved the quality of education and helped reformed schools according to the standards of American “entrepreneurial universities.” About 300 colleges offer students a curriculum tailored to the requirements of modern economy and the needs of a changing society.
Many Polish universities belong to prestigious organizations and associations. Poland has one of the two Central European universities which have been accredited as EQUIS – the best business association of universities in the world. This university is the Kozminiski University in Warsaw where classes are held in Polish, English, and German. The best Polish Universities are admired in the world. They provide students with practice, internships, and interesting individual programs of study. They actively participate in international research programs and exchange students. Polish universities have graduated more than 13,000 foreigners from 100 countries in the world. After returning to their home countries, these students join the elite. The work at high-level government positions, many are prominent doctors with their own clinics, other continue their careers developing industry.